Many international students want to work in their host countries after graduation; this article examines the occupations prioritized by governments in Australia, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Leading international study destinations are increasingly connecting their immigration tactics to skills shortfalls in their economies and allowances for students working while studying or after graduation.
Students are looking for programs with excellent post-graduation job outcomes. Programs that focus on providing students with outstanding skills attract international students’ attention. This article will be helpful for educators who are attempting to market niche programs, such as business and computer science.
Statistics Canada estimates that from 2019 to 2021, healthcare and social support job openings increased by 78.8 percent or 52,100 posts. Construction job opportunities surged by 83.7%, or 34,300 positions. Retail job openings increased by 45.2%, or 32,400 positions. Manufacturing job openings expanded by 62.4%, or 31,200 positions.
Meanwhile, Canada’s Global Talent Stream is aimed primarily at attracting graduates and workers in the following fields:
- Computer engineers
- Statisticians and mathematicians
- Analysts and consultants in information systems
- Database administrators and analysts
- Software designers and engineers
- Interactive media creators and computer programmers
- Web designers and programmers
- Computer Network Administrators
- Technicians who test information systems
- Visual effects and video game producer, technical, creative, and artistic director, and project management
- Design and Digital Media
Vocational programs in Canada are aimed at giving students job-ready skills. Nursing, healthcare, engineering sectors, and aerospace are among the jobs with solid demand for employees with vocational training, as are the credentials needed for the professions.
- United States
Recently, Glassdoor published a list of the top-paying jobs in the United States (which pay more than $100,000). In contrast, the US Department of Labor issued a list of 20 occupations with the highest projected percent change in employment between 2020–30, ranging from wind turbine servicers to nurse practitioners to information technology analysts and others.
According to the US Chamber of Commerce, when looking at the labor deficit across several areas, the transportation, healthcare, social support, and accommodation and food sectors have had the most employment opportunities.
Respiratory therapists, dental assistants, home health aides, operations managers, and diagnostic medical sonographers are among the other jobs with significant vacancy rates in the United States.
In Australia, the government’s statement in the fall of 2021 that international students working in particular occupations will be eligible for extended work rights provides a good indication of the labor market areas most in need of qualified personnel. A specific exception for additional work hours has been made for students who are:
- Working for a Commonwealth-funded aged care service provider or aged care Approved Provider with a RACS ID or a NAPS ID;
- Working for a National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) Registered Provider;
- Enrolled in a healthcare-related course and assisted health officials in their fight against COVID-19;
- Working in the agriculture sector;
- Employment in the hospitality industries;
- Working for the lockdown period in a supermarket or associated distribution facility located in an area touched by COVID-19 lockdown limitations.
The government has prioritized immigration candidates who can demonstrate abilities in industries like engineering and healthcare.
The Skills Priority List developed by the government in 2021 provides a valuable insight into the skills Australia will have the most demand for in the future. Occupations are classified as “strong, moderate, or soft” in projected labor demand.
- United Kingdom
The UK government has released its 2022 Skills Shortage Occupation List, and while engineering and computer science positions dominate it, it also includes architects, veterinarians, welders, social workers, and paramedics. The Skills Shortage List is defined as follows:
A list of jobs thought to be in limited supply in the United Kingdom.” Employers may hire and support overseas workers in specific roles under more favorable conditions than in positions, not on the list.
There are skills shortages in the tech business, particularly in cyber-security, big data and analysis, and data architecture.
- New Zealand
New Zealand is connecting its immigration strategy to economic skill shortfalls. It has just released a new “Green List,” which will be used to determine whether certain international students are qualified for post-study work opportunities. This link will take users to the credentials required for various occupations.
Like other major destinations, Germany requires many healthcare personnel and workers in STEM-related disciplines. The European Centre for Vocational Training claims that Science, engineering, business, healthcare, and education experts will be highly demanded. It is estimated that high-level professionals in these subjects account for 25% of all occupations. Technicians are expected to account for 17% of professions, with clerical support workers accounting for 14%.”
Job growth is predicted to be driven mainly through the farm and allied labor, the services sector (i.e., professional, administrative, and financial services), and real estate and telecommunications over the next 10-year.