The Republic of Latvia is famously known for having diverse culture, which is highly influenced by its varied historical heritage and includes Latvian and Livonian heritage. Getting into the past of the Culture of Latvia reflects the great impact of folk songs and traditional dance. If we trace the history of Latvian culture, it reveals 30,000 melodies of folk songs and 1.2 million texts. Baltic tribes, who came on the soil of Latvia around 3000 BC, are known as ancestors of Latvians.
Baltic tribes gradually settled and ruled the country for a long period and got identity as upper class. On the other hand, Latvians lost their identity and became serfs in 16th century. However, by the coming of 19th century led abolition of serfdom and the starting of ‘Latvian National Awakening’ program, a first national movement program that prompted Latvians to become scholars and artists. The National Awakening movement plays a great role in preserving the culture of Latvia.
The 20th century is known as a great period in respect of the culture of Latvia, as during this period the Latvian culture thrived and brought unity and prosperity among Latvian people. In this period, the second ‘Latvian Awakening program’ took place, became a great cause for independence and finally the great day of Nov 18, 1918 came when Latvia declared itself as an independent nation. Latvia is separated into various culture and historical regions like Courland, Zemgale, Latgale and Vidzeme. The great culture of Latvia reflects the wide heritage of traditional folklore especially folk songs. Besides, the Latvian log houses that reflect the exciting glimpse of traditional architecture, constructed in different way.