If the statistics compiled from various Australian departments are to be believed, Immigration to Australia has bought about a substantial transformation of the demographic composition of Down Under. There is a noticeable alteration in the aspirations of immigrants to this country.
The whole process started in 1970’s when the Aussie authorities started changing their attitude towards the immigrants. As per 1976 census where the Aussie population had only a meager immigrant component, the numbers of migrants has risen substantially to well over 6 million in 2001-2005. The later part of the 2000 – 2010 witnessed arrival of over a million migrants into the country. As per 2011 census, around 27% of total population of this southern hemisphere nation was born on foreign soil, i.e. they migrated to this country on the basis of skills, business or family reunion classes.
More than 75% of people gaining Immigration to the Aussie shores have settled down on the eastern coast. A major chunk of immigrant population has moved to states like New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland, etc. A noticeable trend registered during the inwards migration indicates that most of the people have settled down in highly urbanized areas.
In recent years, the surveys conducted to assess the impact of the inwards Immigration, On Population of Australia reveals that ratio of European born migrants in declining, whereas the immigrant population component of Asia and Africa born inhabitants is consistently rising. Today, a high ratio of demographic growth (almost 60%) is fuelled by inwards migration.
The countries representing the highest overseas born populations are the United Kingdom (1 180 160, 19.6 per cent of overseas-born), New Zealand (564 920, 7.4 per cent), the People’s Republic of China (391 060, 6.5 per cent), India (343 070, 5.7 per cent) and Vietnam (212 070, 3.5 per cent).
The study and survey cited certain major reasons, which were actually increasing the quantum of immigrants, in the demographic composition of the country. The most prominent of the grounds for an increasing ration of immigrants in total numbers of Australians is the disinclination of native white Aussies to start a family. The low fertility rate has created a common among influential economies problem, i.e. the local population is not in a position to provide replacement for ageing people. The direct effect of this can be felt on 2 major areas, i.e. the domestic labor pool of the country and business expertise pool.
Experts quote that until and unless the Aussie natives, start raising their own children, Australia can never get healthy numbers capable of replacing the older people. But they also suggest that even if Australians started thinking about raising their own families, it would take Australia more than a couple of decades to be able to generate indigenous natives as replacement. This fact leaves Australian government with no alternative but to seek other sources that can provide suitable substitute for the ageing population.
The government has identified multiple channels to find suitable replacements for sustaining the balance in composition of Population in Australia. It has established multiple classes of migration to attract people from various backgrounds and areas, i.e., Australia issues
- Student visa to foreign students to locate and enhance the potential of skills
- Skilled migration permits to the trained and qualified expertise to find immediate replacement for ageing Australians. The families and children arriving ,with these people enhance the prospects for finding future replacements
- Business visa to boost the economic potential of the country so as to attract more immigrants to the country
This trend and government policies have in turn proved, to be a boon for several million migration aspirants.