Immigration: A Challenging Task!

In the recent times there has been growing debate on several topics related to immigration such as Labour and presently the coalition over the proposed immigration cap. All these debates have concentrated on the short term effect of these policies in the coming years; the wider picture of these policies may be out rightly different.

It has been observed that some countries of the world have very low fertility rates in fact beyond a repairable level that is on an average 2 births per woman. Approximately 50% of the world’s population currently lives in these countries. In such states there is a lack of immigration that can compensate the population situation. Such states will eventually experience lessening in the population as the current childbearing rate does not coincide with the required demand. In fact the current births in the developed countries are approx 20% less than the required rate. Most of the developed countries have a subdued fertility rate. Less than one fifth of the world’s population resides in the developed countries. On the other hand the developing countries house most of the world’s population with a flexed fertility rate.

Even if a country enters a so called sub-fertility rate, it is not known for how long will this rate be maintained? In the 1950’s Japan had reported entering in to such a mode, and has been in that mode since 1970. Demographers do not have the appropriate knowledge or the tools to predict long term population changes accurately. Some experts emphasize that such chronic low fertility can serve as an indicator of the future decline in the population.

If we analyze the bigger picture the current immigration reforms make to reduce the amount of immigrants into the countries. On a long term these reforms may result in population instability to such countries. Instead of curbing immigrant’s entry the next thing would be inviting more immigrants in to these countries.

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