Recently, it is being noticed that in United States, the kindergarten class for 2010-11 had more of Asian and Hispanic children than blacks and whites. When compared to the class of 2000, it clearly projects the rapid transformation of the nation when it comes to race and ethnicity.
The profile of these children reveals surprising changes that the nation has gone through in the last decade. It gives an insight in to the future. For instance, this year, for every hour children of 5 years of age, one would be Hispanic. Most of those in kindergarten today would be high school graduates in 2023.
At the same time, more number of Hispanic children are expected to be part of the next generation. This is because the number of girls entering the age of childbearing has increased over 30 percent in this decade. This is only the beginning. This is as per Kenneth Johnson, the Demographer at the Carsey Institute in the University of New Hampshire.
On the other hand, as per an analysis by USA Today from a recent government survey, the following facts were found out:
- The percentage of whites amongst the 5 year olds has come down to 53% from 59% in 2000. Similarly, the percentage of blacks has also gone down to 13% from the initial 15%. At the same time, the percentage of children belonging to minority communities has been growing rapidly. More so, this is not restricted only to the cities but is also seen in the suburbs as well as the rural areas.
- The enrolment numbers to kindergarten has increased from 3.8 million in 2000 to 4 million.
- When it comes to the Hispanic children, they make about 25 percent of the total children. This can be considered as a major leap from the 19 percent in 2000. This could also be said as Hispanics outnumbering blacks by almost 2 to 1.
- It could also be said that there would be linguistic challenges too being faced by schools in the near future. With only 78 percent of the children attending school speaking English at home, the schools and educators have to be prepared accordingly. When compared to the rate in 2000, this was about 81 percent. So, the number of Spanish speakers has increased to 16 percent from the previous 14 percent.
The above clearly states the constantly changing dynamics of the nation with more and more immigrants walking in. Sooner or later, what was being considered as minority communities would be a major part of the nation.