Canada is one of the developed nations of the world. So, when it comes to the standards of education, they offer better infrastructure and education than other developing nations. With many perks and facilities, it is a great place for many international students to come, live and study.
In order to understand how the system of higher education works, it is important to look into the constitution dealing with this aspect. The territories and provinces hold the responsibility for dealing with the universities in the nation. As per the British North America Act brought about in 1867, the legislature in each Province was free to make laws pertaining to education. This act is now known as the Constitution Act since 1982.
This has led to a polarized system of education for each province. However, the only exception is for the Aboriginal people where in the Federal Canadian government is responsible for financial their higher education.
Canada has eighty three universities which have the authority of grant degrees and are independent in nature. These universities are spread across different provinces with seven in Montreal, five in Vancouver, three in Ottawa and many more. The largest of these institutions is the University of Quebec which has 87,000 students.
The body which consists of the Canadian universities is known as the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). There are two different types of post secondary institutions here namely colleges and universities. The colleges here are commonly known the Community Colleges and offer only diplomas. On the other hand, the universities offer various courses of study catering to undergraduate, post graduate as well as doctoral programs.
The major source of funding for these universities is the provincial governments. Some part is also catered by the Federal Government as well. Above all, Canada offers the perfect ambiance to live and study as well as contribute to the economy of the nation at a later stage.